Preparing for hub motor test fit in Leah’s eBike Conversion

The first thing to do with a rear hub motor eBike conversion is to prepare the motor and frame for the first test fit. As shown in the video, the initial preparation includes:

  • Tighten disk brake rotor mounting screws
  • Install freewheel
  • Check width between dropouts, 135mm minimum
  • Check dropout for exact width of 10mm
Preparing for hub motor test fit in Leah’s eBike Conversion

Disk Brakes

This install doesn’t cover disk brake installation; Leah’s eBike uses rim brakes. For a rim brake install, all that is required is to make sure the rotor mounting screws are snug.

Install Freewheel

Make sure to apply anti-seize or other lube to the threads before installing. This will make it easier to remove water as needed.

Make sure the threads are lined up before threading on. The freewheel should spin on without resistance. If it binds, stop, back off and try again. Otherwise, the threads will be damaged.

Check width between dropouts, 135mm minimum

I’m using an E-BikeKit rear hub motor. It’s OLD (Over Locknut Dimension) is 135mm without spacers or washers. If the inner washer is used, the OLD increases to about 140mm.

For the first test fit, 135mm width between dropouts is enough. If the width between the dropouts is less than 135mm, the stays will need to be spread apart. The width on Leah’s bike turned out to be 136mm so I don’t need to spread the stays for this step.

Since I’m going to be using the inner washers on the final install, the width between the dropouts needs to be 140mm. I’ll have to widen the stays later. I’ll show how I do this in the next video. For now, I just want to get the hub motor installed to check for other clearances and centering as well as prepare the dropouts.

Check dropout for exact width of 10mm

The hub motor axle keyway is a full 10mm. Most bikes have dropouts to accommodate a 10mm axle but could measure slightly less because of paint. Some careful filing or sanding might be necessary to make the dropout width the full 10mm. The hub motor axle is going to need the full 10mm before it will slide into the dropouts.

My dropouts had a thick coat of paint which made the dropout width slightly less. I had to carefully file the paint off to get it to 10mm.

A general note about filing and sanding: Take it easy and take your time. It’s a lot easier to remove metal than it is to replace it. You can ruin your bike by removing too much metal or leaving jagged edges. Make sure to file a little, test fit, and then file a little more as needed. Make it smooth, clean looking, and precise. Large gaps will make the fit lose. Jagged edges are opportunities for cracks to form.

Next Step

The next video will cover dropout preparation, checking freewheel clearance, and centering between stays.

Click here to see all posts about Leah’s Electric Bike Conversion.

Stay tuned for more details as this project proceeds.

P.S. For more details on electric motors and how I select them for my electric bike projects, enter your information here and I’ll send you the link to my Motor Selection Guide.

Green Star Juicer – Elite GSE-5000 Juicer Extractor Review

=Juicing can bring everyone in your family closer. Taking natural juice regularly It also helps everybody to get their vitamin and mineral level topped-up in the most natural way. This Green Star juicer is one of the most beautiful masticating juicer machines available. The Green Star juicer has a great range of features to make it a real benefit to you in your daily life. It is designed to get as much juice as possible from the fruits and vegetables you put into it. The process is controlled so that the maximum amount of beneficial nutrients is also taken into the juice. The gear speed is kept low to reduce the heating effect. That prevents a lot of the damage which can otherwise take place, rendering the organic nutrients useless.


It’s nice to make juices from fruits, but many people don’t realize there are a wealth of other things you can juice to improve your health. They can taste great too. Online or in the bookshops, there are so many recipe books and guides that will help you to make the most of your juicer. You can produce nut butter; make fantastic drinks from all types of sprouting seeds and a lot of the superfood grasses. We found the best place to buy Green Star Juicer – Elite GSE-5000 Juicer Extractor.

Green Star Juicer – Elite GSE-5000 Juicer Extractor Features

  • Beautiful design
  • Double geared
  • Weighs only 15lb
  • Quiet operation
  • 200 Watt electric motor
  • Includes a tray to catch drips
  • Only 19 x 9 x 13 inches
  • 110 revolutions per minute
  • Simple to operate latch closure system
  • Many accessories included for the Green Star Juicer

Elite GSE-5000 Juicer Extractor Ratings


Green Star Juicer – Elite GSE-5000 Juicer Extractor Reviews

A large number of reviews for the Green Star juicer exist and most of the reviewers are very pleased with the way the product looks and works in the kitchen. All are happy with the juices produced. In general, this juicer is easy to use and the simple latching system is hailed as a major improvement over previous versions. One or two reviewers expressed a preference for a different juicer from the same range, and one of them was upgraded to the other product after calling the customer service section of Green Star.

Here are some reviews from the consumers.

“I have had my Green Star Elite GSE-5000 for almost 3 weeks and i really like it. it performs better for me than the gs-1000 which i have been using for several years.”

“This is a great juicer. It is easy to use and clean. You do spend a little time cleaning the screen but not a big deal.This is great for vegetables if you do fruit get the soft knob it does push out better. The pulp comes out dry so you know you are getting the entire liquid of of the vegetables.”

“I am thoroughly pleased with my Green Star juice extractor. I use it several times a week. Have tried beets, carrots, celery, apples peppers lemons limes grapefruit. My favorite is carrots.”

Green Star Juicer – Elite GSE-5000 Juicer Extractor Conclusion

Drinking fresh vegetable and fruit juices can help to provide our bodies with a concentrated serving of minerals, vitamins, and enzymes from a natural source. Making the juices yourself allows the flavor and nutrients to stay locked up in the plant material until closer to the time that it is needed. The fresher it is when the juice is produced the better. This juicer is a masticating juicer, which means that it is designed to produce juice efficiently and at low temperatures. If the juice is extracted without heating the fruit or pulp, there is less chance that the vitamins, minerals, and enzymes will be damaged during the juicing process. In addition to the efficiency and health aspects of this juicer, it is a lovely looking piece of equipment which will look good in your kitchen.

Hybrid Bike Vilano Diverse 3 Review

Summary Score: 8.2/10

The Vilano Diverse 3.0 Performance certainly represents a hybrid bike with a good blend of a road bike and mountain bike. It possibly leans more towards the mountain bike category with the shape and disc brakes but without suspension, you wouldn’t dream of using this for any serious mountain biking.

Hybrid Bike Vilano Diverse 3 Review


The price for the Vilano Diverse 3.0 Performance bike is great. Although most of the hybrid bikes we review come in with a high score in the price category, you can’t fault the fact that a hybrid bike in general costs a lot less than a road bike or mountain bike and as such, a huge cost saving for you for great commuting functionality.

Quality of the Components

The Vilano Diverse 3.0 Performance bike components can be broken down into various areas that determine the quality. Each of these components can in isolation drop the overall rating for a bike review, simply because the weakest part may be the area which causes the bike overall to be lower quality, i.e. a low-quality seat isn’t really an area for concern as opposed to low quality brakes or gears which make a bike unsafe or hard to use.

Frame: Simple aluminum frame with a fixed fork, no suspension

Seat: This is slightly less comfortable than other bikes reviewed but depending on how much padding you’d like, this will do a suitable job and allow you to ride at a decent speed if required without restricting leg movement.

Pedals: The standard pedals provided with the bike are very cheap, this would be one of the first items to replace.

Brakes: Disc brakes meaning you can stop in a hurry!! Always a good thing.

Gears: Shimano Tourney TX front & rear derailleur is definitely bottom of the range but still good enough for a commuter. The gear shifters are integrated with the brakes and readily accessible for gear changes for the 24 speeds (3 front,  8 rear).

Wheel set: Standard 700 wheel size similar to a road bike. Tyres supplied are Kenda who make great tyres so good plus there.

Weight: 26.2 pounds or 11.9 kilograms (reasonably light weight)Quality of the Components 7/10

East & Costs for Maintenance

If you use the bike a lot, you’re bound to need to do maintenance at some point. That might be as simple as fixing a flat tyre, adjusting the gears or changing brake pads.

The Vilano Diverse 3.0 Performance bike gets a good mark for ease and cost of maintenance. This is due to the fact that you’ll be able to do a lot of the work yourself. The wheels are easy to remove with quick release levers, the seat can easily be adjusted and with a bit of knowledge, you could even adjust the gears/shifters and disc brakes although I’d advise you take it to a bike shop for the disc brakes.

If any of the work is outside of your comfort zone, any bike shop will be able to do the maintenance for you due to the very common nature of the components and easy access to parts. Ease & Costs for Maintenance 9/10


The bike gets an ok rating for comfort. It’s more designed to be fast and simple as opposed to a laid back comfort machine. The main comfort issues are the seat and pedals. Both of these can easily be replaced if you’re looking for more comfort and I’d definitely be looking to replace the pedals very quickly.

One other factor to consider is the lack of fenders. If you bike to work in wet weather or on wet roads, you’re going to get a very wet backside. This is easily resolved with a low cost.


The Vilano Diverse 3.0 Performance bike is a nice looking bike. Although on the basic side overall for a look, it’s got a nice style for the more standard frame and where it’s positioned in the market. Again, this will be a personal preference issue where you need to decide if you want a more cruiser styled bike or not…

Home Improvement Case Study: Installing Air-conditioning in Perth

Things To Consider When Installing Air Conditioning System In Your Perth Home


An air conditioning system is an important investment in your home, especially during the summer. The heat humidity levels can sometimes be exceedingly high, which is why you need a good AC system. You need to install them properly too. The following are some great tips to help you successfully install the right AC system in your home. Remember that newer units are more energy efficient, more powerful, and quieter than the old models. So, you should settle for the newer models that offer more value.

Determine the size of the installation area

This is an important consideration since an oversized or undersized system will not be great for your home. This air conditioning size calculator is a great resource. It states that, generally, a bigger room will require a bigger AC system. On the other hand, smaller sized air conditioning units will be perfect for a smaller room.  An AC’s capacity is usually determined in tons (that’s the level of heat the AC system can dissipate). A 3-ton unit can expel about 36,000BTU while a one-ton unit gives out about 12,000BTU.

If you have a house measuring about 1,600 sq. f, it will take at least an AC system of 24,000BTU for better cooling. If you don’t have the technical knowledge about all these, an AC technician can help you out here. So, before you select a system, consult a technician to determine the right size of the unit that will be ideal for your home.

Installation requirement

You will most definitely need a new circuit breaker if you are installing the Ac in a house that’s never had any form of Ac unit installed. The circuit breaker will be installed in the electrical panel. You will also need a new mounting, new ductwork, as well as new wiring for the AC unit. It’s important to call a good professional to help you estimate all these.

Except you are an Ac technician yourself, it will be better to call a professional who will help to carry out correct estimate. It will be a waste of time and money if you decide to do everything on your own. When you get the setting wrong, you may need to spend more to put things back in order.

Select the right technician

You need to choose a good technician if you want the AC system to be installed the right way. Call a certified professional such as the guys from AirConWA who will help you estimate the requirements and advice you on the best AC unit to buy.


Electric Biking will help you explore the great ourdoors

E-bikes might help tackle congestion and make your everyday commute more affordable and less stressful, and yet, if you’re reading this, the odds are you are among those 75 percent of individuals who do not understand what you is. However, you likely will soon.

An ebike (also referred to as a pedelec) is a bike using a battery and electric motor that helps when you are pedaling — around 15.5miles in the united kingdom. You still receive the advantages of pedaling, however, your rate receives a boost.
However, this is changing: ebike earnings rose from 5 percent of the united kingdom bicycle market in 2015 to 12 percent in 2016. Halfords dubbed 2017 that the “year of this bike” following a 220% earnings growth. Learn more about electric cars and bike kits.

electric bikes camping

Since the Bicycle Association’s operations manager, Steve Garidis, puts it: “It is rather hard to describe what [an ebike] feels just like: you are still biking but it’s like having an Olympic athlete; you could go faster and more; hills tend to be less attempt. The acceleration is very fun, even for its most skeptical grown up”

E-bikes can assist elderly or less fit individuals cycle, or create a lengthy commute manageable. A 2017 survey by charity Wheels for Wellbeing discovered 18 percent of disabled cyclists possessed a bicycle with e-assist, assisting handcycle users to speed away from traffic lights, or individuals with pain or fatigue keep biking.

“E-bikes level the playing area,” states Garidis. “Individuals of different skills and fitness may cycle collectively. Folks can cycle with their enthusiast spouses; grandparents could go out of their own families since bikes close that gap.”

Paul Kenchington of this Bicycle Chain, that has offered a “trickle” of bikes for 20 years at south-east England, states the realization of the advantages and improvements in quality have fostered ebikes’ allure, and eventually gained them approval in UK bicycle stores.

A recent poll of 2,000 commuters commissioned by Evans Cycles estimated that by shifting from automobile, bus, train or tube into bikes, commuters can save an average of7,791 over five decades. Kenchington states: “There is the talk of summit car; automobile companies are considering how they could maintain earnings. 1 way could be individuals driving away and maintaining an e-bike from the boot”
Paul Stewart, of UK cycle supplier Moore Big, states: “If you have a look at our towns and the manner that we sail the bike provides you the chance to receive around at a sensible speed — you do not have to get all sweaty and hot, you do not have to cover [car] taxation or possess a driving permit, since they’re called bicycles.

“Nevertheless, people that purchase bikes are normally elderly; their biking skills might not be the best. Whenever you haven’t been outside on a bicycle for quite a while, you may not wish to go outside and struggle with traffic.

Here it’s less than 1 percent; that’s the difference, actually.”
Garidis adds: “If the authorities believe about electrical vehicles it believes cars. They charge an immense quantity of money they do not solve congestion issues, and they require a large amount of infrastructure for charging, whereas bikes do not: they simply need a 3 pin socket”

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How to Check a Car Battery

It never fails – you are in a hurry and the children are throwing a tantrum from the backseat. You go to start your car and everything you hear is a clicking noise. Great.

You feel the battery is the problem but you are not sure. Luckily, you can assess the state of charge of your battery utilizing an inexpensive multimeter. This evaluation will show whether your battery is completely charged, and enable you to know how to check your car battery.

Part 1 of 2: Examine the battery

So as to safely and economically test your battery life, you require a few fundamental tools.

Step 1: Locate the battery. The very first step is to find the battery.

Most batteries are under the hood close to the fender. But some producers prefer to conceal the battery in obscure areas. They might be in the back, below the rear seat – and a few are mounted at the wheel well!

If you can not find your battery, then consult your owner’s guide or perform a fast search on your auto model to show the place.

Step 2: Establish your test gear. Switch the vehicle’s ignition and lights away, and have your stuff ready.

You don’t have to fear if you receive the leads backward; you will just observe a negative reading rather than a positive person.

Switch your meter into the DC liter setting. Here is the DC reading together with the line over it. The DC reading together with the squiggly item (sine wave in specialized conditions) is AC voltage. This really isn’t the setting you need, if you don’t intend on analyzing appliances. Thus, save AC for your washing machine.

Step 3: Read the evaluation results.

  • 12.66 volts = 100% billed
  • 12.45 volts = 75% billed
  • 12.24 liter = 50% billed
  • 12.06 liter = 25% billed
  • 11.89 liter = 0 percent billed

These readings are to get a battery at 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The battery voltage will alter .01 volts for each 10-degree change in temperature.

If your battery is higher than 12.45 volts it’s sufficiently charged. Anything below that ought to be recharged and analyzed with specialist test equipment.

  • Notice: A condition of charge test doesn’t indicate if your battery is bad or good. It merely indicates the present condition of charge. A battery which has a very low state of charge might still be good after it’s recharged. A fantastic battery is one which is going to hold a fee. A lousy battery is one which doesn’t.

Should you choose on the second choice, you’ll have to jump your battery. After that, push the car for 20 minutes or so at rates over 40 mph. It is also possible to remove your battery and get it billed in the auto parts shop. Most will carry out this service at no cost.

Measure 6: Totally examine the battery. When the battery is fully charged, it may be analyzed to ascertain whether it’s bad or good. Most auto parts stores will do so at no cost.

There are two approaches for fully testing a battery life:

  • If the voltage falls below 9.6 volts through the evaluation, it’s bad and needs to be replaced.
  • Having a digital tester: This test sends a frequency wave through the entire battery to ascertain the state of the cells inside.

Articles Source:

How to Clean Wood Cabinets

Clean Wood CabinetsKitchen cabinets get cluttered, fast. You spatter dirt once you cook. You spill everything out of cake batter into olive oil onto them. Your seven-year-old helps you create fruit juices and turns on the blender until you may place the shirt on it, slinging orange juice and smashed banana throughout the room.

You’ll be able to use commercial cleaners, such as Murphy’s Oil Soap, to wash cabinets. It is also possible to create your filter from components in your kitchen which are eco-friendly, efficient and very affordable.

Vinegar is your go-to natural cleanser when confronted with how to wash greasy cabinets. Mist on cupboards, let sit a moment or 2 and rinse clean using a soft fabric. Add a couple of drops of liquid from dishwashing detergent into the water and vinegar solution to wash extremely cluttered cabinets. Some tips:

  • Use a soft cloth or sponge to wash the cleaner onto the exterior of the cupboard drawers and doors.
  • Use a toothbrush dipped from the cleaner to wash the components, the timber around the hardware and also the cracks of elaborate trim.
  • Wipe the cleaner onto the inside of the drawers and doors.
  • Use another sponge or cloth dipped in fresh water to remove the cleaner out of all surfaces.
  • Dry all surfaces thoroughly a towel.

VIDEO: How to Clean Wood Kitchen Cabinets

Here is how to wash wooden kitchen cabinets with stubborn stains, such as chocolate or syrup. Create a paste of salt and vinegar. Dip a toothbrush in the glue and gently scrub the stained region. Do not rub too hard or use steel wool, because it will scrape the timber.

You might also place baking soda on a wet sponge and then wash the blot. Use a soft toothbrush or nylon-bristle wash brush so that you will not scrape the cabinet surface.

Now you understand how to clean wood cabinets, so make sure you shield them from future stains. Your knowledge can also be used in cleaning cleaning thermofoil cabinets. Mix vegetable oil and vinegar in equal parts and use it gently on the cupboard surfaces. Rub it in using a clean, soft cloth. Buff until it shines.

You might want to check this article for further reading.

DIY Ideas with plastic bottles

Nowadays a high number of things that we use in our daily life come in plastic bottles. Plastic bottles are made from ABS and are non-biodegradable according to this review comparing PLA to ABS. After using the contents of these bottles, our usual practice is to throw them away, which causes severe harm to our environment if they accumulate in massive numbers. Why should we damage our environment once we have excellent strategies to upcycle and use them creatively to decorate our house and environment? Let’s see a few DIY ideas using plastic bottles.

Being the most widely used type, the pop and soft drinks bottles are those used in most of the DIY ideas discussed here.

Flower Vases

Spray-paint the empty bottles with any color of your choice and use them as exquisite flower vases to decorate your inside. Metallic colors provide a luxurious look to the vase, and nobody would agree that it’s a plastic bottle! If you don’t need to spend money on paint, then there’s a cheaper alternative. Cover the jar with a trendy fabric and use it as a vase. It will seem trendy and unique!

Indoor Gardens

If you cut and remove the top part of a 2-liter soda bottle, it creates an exceptional pot to plant little herbs. It is possible to create an indoor garden using several such bottles. The bottles can be wrapped or kept on the ground by your creativity. A self-watering indoor garden can be produced with a 2-liter jar as it is and attaching some smaller plastic jar planters onto it. Fill the larger one with water so that it functions as the continuous supply of water for the herbs at the smaller bottles.

Jewelry Stands

DIY Plastic Bottles

The bottoms of pop bottles can be connected to create a three or four tiered jewelry rack. Organize your jewelry beautifully with this stand rather than keeping them here and there. In addition to the gorgeous appearance, the stand enables you to scan through your things and select your favorite one.

Craft Organizers

People who love to do craft work frequently discover the organization of the craft things difficult. scissors, tape, marker, yarn, etc. are often needed at one place when working on a job. An ineffective organization may waste a whole lot of your time. Solve this issue by utilizing jar bits to store craft materials. Use transparent bottles so that you can see what’s there in each jar.

Lamps and  Shades

Plastic bottles can be cut in half, and beautiful looking paper yarn lamps can be made using soda bottles as molds.  patterned or colored as you like and may be utilized as light covers. It’s possible to go farther ahead and try making fantastic lamp shades also using plastic bottles.

The chances with plastic bottles are endless. All you need is a little imagination and the ideal approach to bring out wonders out of them! They let you create a good deal of gadgets to decorate and organize your residence. So, rather than throwing away empty plastic bottles, try out these methods and do yourselves and your surroundings a fantastic favor!


Top 5 Home Improvement Ideas Under $150

We all love to give a new look from time to time to the various parts of our homes. Careful planning before the renovation will help you to save a good deal of money. I have tried to help your planning by listing our top five home improvement ideas that can be done within $150!

● Redesign the lighting arrangement : Great sense in lighting can take the ambience of your home to a whole new level. You can use the cheap and aesthetic LED candle bulbs for your dining room. They will add a soothing and relaxing effect to the area. You can use some bright strip LED’s for your bedroom to add some new energy. A new chandelier to your living room is also an instant thumbs up! You can even use a  digital fireplace for some ambiance, which will add a new minimalist look to your home.

● Improving the kitchen storage : Increasing your kitchen storage will never go waste. Having a better rollout means getting your hands on those tucked in kitchen items easily. You can purchase new rollouts for a reasonable price from many online stores. Be extra careful while choosing the size. Check products from multiple websites and compare the prices before purchasing. If you are a DIY lover then you can try a hand in making your own rollouts.

● Wire shelving for your closet : Wardrobes are never enough to organise your closet, especially if you are a shopaholic like me. Wire shelving will give you room for organising and flaunting your clothes at the same time. Wire shelving has the advantage of not accumulating dust over solid shelving. They can be installed by yourself using simple tools like a level, a hacksaw and a drill. It will also help to keep the floors empty for vacuuming. You can get this done within a budget of $100 to $120.

● New look for door and windows : Buy a few sheets of attractive wallpapers and glue. If you already have some leftover wallpapers you can make the best use of them. This is probably the cheapest method to change the look of the doors and windows. You can get creative in sticking the wallpapers. Use some cool patterns to stick them. You can bring a sync in this pattern for the door and windows of the same room.

● Changing the doormats : Now that you have changed the lightings and added new wallpapers, you should consider purchasing matching doormats. Put forth your creative self and make some cool DIY doormats that will coordinate with the other home elements. Make a few pairs of them for replacements when the other one goes for a wash. You can use old clothes, wooden slabs or mosaic pieces for attractive doormats for the front door. Spray paint a welcome message to add a personalised touch.

All the above ideas are budget friendly and take very little time to implement. You can use the weekend break to give a new look to your home. Stay tuned to this for more innovative ideas.

For some really cool ideas for decorating your lamps and flower pots, be sure to check out our post regarding DIY ideas with plastic bottles.

How to Create Your Own Landscape Garden

Use these helpful tips from Lowe’s to create your own beautiful landscape garden.

Use the colors of the tree as a guide to picking your flowers. If your tree is an evergreen, use deciduous shrubs and place your total diet lowest plants in the front.

You can always switch out your plants as the seasons change. After all, plants are in the soil, cover with a thin layer of soil, and then mulch. Water once a day the first week and once a week for the entire growing season.

You can also use plastic bottles to add decorative elements to your garden. You can use these bottles as water collectors, make windmills, or even grow plants in these bottles. Check out our post on ideas for plastic bottles for more info.